le droit de vote des étrangers
Le registre des électeurs maoris
Droit de vote, nationalité et ethnicité en Nouvelle-Zélande (mis à jour le 19 août 2001)
New Zealand voting rights timeline
Voting for members of the House of Representatives was instituted in 1853, and we hold all electoral rolls from then until the present day.
Male British subjects of 21 years or more who either:
Notes: Prisoners and aliens (persons born outside the
British Commonwealth who had not been naturalised) were not entitled to
enrol. Men could enrol for each property that met the above
qualifications so there could be multiple entries for one person in one
or more electorates.
Miners Franchise Act 1860 (abolished 1879) entitled men who had held a miner's right continously for three months to register as an elector. Miners who were not registered but met the criteria on Election Day were entitled to vote.
Four Māori seats, created in 1867 were reaffirmed in 1876. Adult males over the age of 21 years with half or more Māori blood were eligible to vote for one of the four Māori seats. They were not required to enrol so rolls were not printed. From 1867-1893 Māori males who met the age, residential and property franchise provisions were entitled to enrol in the electorate where their property was located and have their names included on European rolls.
Lodgers Franchise Act 1875 (abolished 1879) enabled some tenants to enrol.
Qualifications of Electors Act 1879. Entitlement to enrol was extended to all men over the age of 21, providing they were British subjects who either owned property or had lived in New Zealand at least one year and in an electorate for 6 months before registering as an elector. These changes which came into effect in 1880-1881 rolls did not apply to Māori. See 'Index to the 1881 New Zealand electoral roll'. For North Auckland, Metropolitan Auckland, South Auckland and Waikato electors see database '1881 Electoral Rolls'.
Multiple voting was abolished and the law entitling 'one man, one vote' passed.
The qualification for registration of an elector changed with the repeal of the non-residential provision. Registration determined solely on residential grounds. All persons of more than half-Māori descent were only allowed to vote in one of the Māori electorates.
1905-1906, 1908, 1911, 1914 and 1922
Separate rolls for 'Absent Voters' and 'Seamen' exist for some electorates.
New Zealand Māori Voters' Rolls 1908 on microfiche contains full name, tribe, hapū, address and sex of those who voted in Northern, Eastern and Western Māori electorates. A roll for Southern Māori was not found.
The first published Māori rolls titled NZ Māori Electoral Rolls 1919 for Northern, Westen, Eastern and Southern Māori electorates are available on microfiche. Content is similar to 1908.
Enrolment for Europeans, 21 years and over, became complusory.
Māori rolls published under the same procedure as General Rolls from 1949.
Enrolment for Māori, 21 years and over, became complusory.
Age of enrolment reduced from 21 to 20 years of age.
Legal definition of Māori was changed to enable Māori descent to register on either Māori or General Roll according to their cultural identification.
Age of enrolment was reduced to 18 years. Voting rights granted to New Zealand citizens and permanent residents who had resided in an electorate for one month.
Residential period was extended to 3 months.
Residential period reverted to one month.